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Cardiac Arrhythmia

In a patient with cardiac arrhythmia, the heart's electrical activity is unusual. This doesn't indicate any particular oddity, as for instance, it might be beating slower than normal, or more quickly than usual, or be different in another way.

Symptoms

A wide range of medical issues can be considered when one mentions cardiac arrhythmia. Various symptoms can be found within this group, although one that is frequently noticed is heart palpitations. This is where a patient has a heartbeat abnormality which leads him to be aware of the beating of the heart. Low blood pressure, or hypotension, is another symptom that may show up in some kinds of arrhythmia. The patient might feel dizzy or even faint. Some cardiac arrhythmia forms can even lead to cardiac arrest.

Types

Cardiac arrhythmias can be classified into various groups. For instance, there is the atrial classification, which includes ones like atrial flutter. The ventricular form contains forms such as ventricular fibrillation. As a group, heart blocks holds ones that are noted based upon various degrees. There are also other classifications, as well as other types within the atrial and ventricular forms.

Diagnosis

Various heart activity might be diagnosed. For instance, a heartbeat that is slower than 60 beats per minute (bpm) can be termed bradycardia. On the other side of the spectrum, tachycardia is a situation where the heart beats at a rate of greater than 100 bpm. Keep in mind that age does need to be considered. Other information might also be found.

A stethoscope is often the way in which arrhythmias are found. Peripheral pulses might also be felt. Although these methods do not determine any particular type of arrhythmia, they might be used to note that there is something unusual with the heart's beat. An electrocardiogram can be used to try to obtain more particular information.

Treatment

How the situation is preferred to be treated is based largely on whether the patient is unstable or stable. The doctor may take other factors into consideration. Medication, physical methods, and electricity are some of the potential treatment methods. Please look for professional advice and do not base how you approach a case (or possible case) of cardiac arrhythmia based on details you read here, as this information is not professional in nature nor is it pointed to any specific case.